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地理研究  2009, Vol. 28 Issue (2): 536-548    DOI: 10.11821/yj2009020026
  旅游与文化 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
旅游地居民对旅游影响感知与态度的历时性分析 ——以世界文化遗产西递景区为例
卢 松1, 张 捷2, 苏 勤1
1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院, 安徽 芜湖 241000;
2. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京 210093
The temporally comparative study of residents&rsquo|perceptions and attitudes in ancient villages:A case study of Xidi Village, one of the world cultural heritage sites
LU Song1, ZHANG Jie2, SU Qin1
1. College of Territorial Resource and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China;
2. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
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摘要 

旅游地居民感知与态度研究是旅游地理学的重要主题之一。古村落是一种特殊类型的旅游地,开展居民旅游感知与态度研究对于古村落旅游可持续发展与文化遗产保护显得尤其重要与紧迫。本文选择世界文化遗产西递为研究案例,进行旅游地居民旅游影响感知的历时性分析,结果显示:1)随着时间的推进,社区居民从个体层面对旅游业的依赖日益加强。2)随着旅游事业的不断推进,居民更加重视和认识到旅游所带来的社会文化效应和环境效应。这反映出居民对旅游影响的关注符合人们一般认知规律:由形式转向本质,由经济转向文化,由物质转向精神。3)居民对旅游影响感知的时间变化涉及个体、景区、政府等诸多因素影响。本文较为系统地揭示了旅游地居民对旅游影响感知时间差异的影响因素及其形成机制。

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关键词 居民感知旅游影响历时性影响因素西递    
Abstract

Study on the residents' perceptions and attitudes to tourism destinations have been a lasting study topic of Tourism Geography. A temporally comparative study of residents' perceptions and attitudes is one of two future study subjects in the study area. Ancient villages are a special type of tourism destination. It is particularly important and urgent for ancient villages' tourism sustainable development and world heritage protection to study residents' perceptions and attitudes. Taking the world cultural heritage-Xidi village-as an example, the paper analyzes the temporal change of resort residents' perceptions and attitudes. The results are as follows. 1) As time flies, residents' family income in Xidi village has dramatically increased, in which the proportion of tourism profit (tourism ticket profit and tourism business profit) in family total income has apparently elevated. This indicates that from respective aspect, the extent of residents' reliance on tourism industry has gradually strengthened. 2) As time runs, all the residents in Xidi village pay more and more attention to tourism social-cultural and environmental effect. It suggests that this change conforms to mankind's general perception rule, from formal to substantive, from economic to cultural and from matter to spirit. 3) The temporal changes of Xidi residents' perceptions and attitudes are from collective impacts of diverse aspects, such as individual, tourist scenic spot and government. These detailed influencing factors are formal and substantive rationality, interior management of tourist scenic spot, exterior space compete of tourist scenic spot, construction of new villages and government policy of alluring foreign capital. Furthermore, it clarifies the influencing factors and shaping mechanism of temporal changes of tourism destination residents' perceptions and attitudes.

Key wordsresidents' perception    tourism impact    temporal change    influencing factors    Xidi
收稿日期: 2008-04-10      出版日期: 2009-03-25
基金资助:

国家自然基金项目(40801054); 建设部科技项目(20031018);安徽省教育厅重点项目(2005SK069)

作者简介: 卢松(1974-), 男, 安徽黄山人, 博士, 副教授,硕士生导师.主要从事旅游地理学、人文地理学等研究。E-mail: ahlusong@126.com *通讯作者 : 张捷,教授,博士生导师。E-mail:jiezhang@nju.edu.cn
引用本文:   
卢 松, 张 捷, 苏 勤. 旅游地居民对旅游影响感知与态度的历时性分析 ——以世界文化遗产西递景区为例[J]. 地理研究, 2009, 28(2): 536-548.
LU Song, ZHANG Jie, SU Qin. The temporally comparative study of residents&rsquo|perceptions and attitudes in ancient villages:A case study of Xidi Village, one of the world cultural heritage sites. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2009, 28(2): 536-548.
链接本文:  
http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/10.11821/yj2009020026      或      http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V28/I2/536


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